1) United Kingdom
***Welsh regulations below***
Breeding and Sale
The Law as I understand it: from http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/1999/11
The Breeding of Dogs Act 1973 as amended by the Breeding and sale of dogs (Welfare) Act 1999 controls dog breeding by licence and allows the Local Authority to issue an annual licence.
A breeding licence will be required for anyone breeding five or more litters a year for sale or anyone breeding “as a business”.
“Hobby Breeders”, who produce four or less litters in one year are not affected.
Before a breeding licence will be granted, the premises must be inspected by a veterinary surgeon and a local authority officer.
- Any person found to be breeding more than 4 litters a year without a licence may be prosecuted.
- It will be an offence for a bitch to be mated if she is less than one year old.
- Breeding will be restricted to a maximum limit of 6 litters per bitch, with at least 12 months between each litter.
- Accurate breeding records must be kept and puppies sold to Pet Shops and Scottish rearing establishments must wear a visible means of identity indicating the licensed breeding establishment at which it was born and must be sold with the tag.
- Puppies cannot be sold by a licensed breeder except to a licensed Pet Shop or licensed Scottish rearing establishment until they are at least 8 weeks old.
Penalties for the offence of keeping an unlicensed establishment
a} imprisonment for a term not exceeding three months;
b}a fine not exceeding level 4 on the standard scale
The Chartered Institute of Environmental Health published a set of guidelines in January 2014 which most councils in England are using to regulate their licensed breeding establishments.
http://www.cieh.org/CIEH-Model_Licence-Conditions-Guidance-Dog-Breeding-Establishments.html and can be downloaded from here http://wp.me/a8f4iK-1F
From 6 April 2016 it will be compulsory for owners to ensure their dog is microchipped. You can be fined up to £500 if your dog isn’t microchipped by that date.
Your dog must still wear a collar and tag with your name and address when in a public place.
Buying a dog
You should ask for proof a microchip has been fitted before buying a dog.
You can ask to see any of the following as proof:
- microchip certificate
- vet records
- pet passport
You may also be able to see microchip information in the dog’s pet insurance papers.
You must make sure the microchip details are updated once you have bought the dog.
There is no minimum age specified in the regulations. The puppy only has to be microchipped and registered to an approved database by the time they are 8 weeks old. The government advises that the dog be healthy enough to be implanted and sufficient time is allowed for the database to process the registration in order to ensure that the dog is compliant with the regulations by the time they are 8 weeks old.
2) Wales Only
The Animal Welfare (Breeding of Dogs) (Wales) Regulations 2014
Coming into force 30 April 2015
Highlights of these regulations below
Requirement to hold a licence
Licensing of dog breeders
4. Dog breeding is a specified activity, for the purposes of section
13(1) of the Act. Dog breeding: interpretation
(1) A person carries on the activity of dog breeding for the purposes of section 13(1) of the Act if that person keeps on premises 3 or more breeding bitches (entire bitch over 6 months old) and—
(a) breeds on those premises 3 or more litters of puppies in any 12 month period;
(b) advertises for sale from those premises a puppy or puppies born from 3 or more litters of puppies for sale in any 12 month period;
(c) supplies from those premises a puppy or puppies born from 3 or more litters of puppies in any 12 month period; or
(d) advertises a business of breeding or selling puppies from those premises.
Application for a licence
(1) To apply for a licence under these Regulations an applicant must submit—
(a) an application in a form and manner approved by the local authority;
(b) a draft enhancement and enrichment programme;
(c) a draft socialisation programme;
(d) details of the anticipated number of adult dogs and puppies to be present on the premises at any one time; and
(e) such supporting documentation as the authority reasonably requires.
(2) The local authority must attach to each licence granted—
(a) the conditions contained in Schedule 1 to these Regulations;
(b) a condition specifying the maximum number of adult dogs and puppies to be kept under the terms of the licence; and
(c) a condition specifying a staff to adult dog ratio which must ensure as a minimum staff requirement—
(i) 1 full-time attendant per 20 adult dogs kept; or
(ii) 1 part-time attendant per 10 adult dogs kept
3) REPUBLIC OF IRELAND
the law as I understand it from
The Dog Breeding Establishments Act, 2010, which came into force at the beginning of 2012, establishes regulations for anyone keeping six or more female dogs which are more than six months old and are capable of breeding. Hunt kennels and Rescues do not pay a licence fee but must be registered
Anyone with 6 or more entire bitches over 6 months old must apply for a licence which must be displayed prominently and will show the maximum number of bitches permitted. Records must be kept of microchip numbers. details of litters including numbers and details of sales.
Staff numbers should be “adequate” for the numbers of dogs . Dogs should be exercised “appropriately” and fed and groomed “adequately”